This dataset is Flood Disaster Loss Dataset in China (2018). Using web crawlers, We gathered professional reports related to earthquakes from the website of China National Commission for Disaster Reduction (NCDR-China). A series of extraction rules were constructed to extract disaster loss data. The following information was extracted: disaster time, event title, location, number of deaths, number of missing persons, affected population, direct economic losses, and crop disaster area. The data format is Excel. The spatial scope is China. The temporal range 2018.